In the United States of America, obesity is considered a chronic disease. It is a worldwide problem and a leading cause of death. Every year, nearly 3 million adults die from obesity related illnesses. Today, more people die from obesity related deaths than from malnutrition. [i] Some examples of illnesses associated with obesity include hypertension, hypoventilation syndrome, pulmonary disease, fatty liver, hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis and cancer. Some cancers related to obesity are endometrial, breast, colon, kidney, gallbladder and liver.
What causes obesity?
Obesity is a complex illness caused by a combination of factors. Dietary choices, patterns of eating, reduced physical activity, medications,
Eating too many calories
Exposure to endocrine disruptors
Eating high fructose corn syrup
Not getting enough sleep
Atypical antipsychotics: olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone
Mood stabilizing drugs
Hypoglycemic medications: tolbutamide
Some medical conditions
Do Genes Cause Obesity?
Researchers have not identified a single gene that causes obesity. The research does suggest that genes can be modified by diet, environment and lifestyle. These genetic modifications may explain why some people become obese. Genetic modifications may also be an explanation for the inability to maintain weight loss. and keep from regaining the weight.
When a person is obese for long periods of time, it may be difficulty to lose weight because prolonged obesity can cause the body the turn on a gene that produces a protein called sLR11. In addition to srL11, in some cases a faulty gene known as the obesity-associated gene (FTO) is responsible for obesity. The FTO gene determines how much ghrelin a person produces. Ghrelin is a hormone that affects appetite. A high ghrelin level causes an increase in appetite.
The Intermittent Fasting For Weight Loss
5:2 /16:8 or 14:10
The 5:2 methods consist of eating your regular meals for five days of the week and fasting only two days of the week.
16:8 or 14:10
With these types of intermittent diets, food is consumed for either 8 hours periods or 10 periods. All the other times during the 24 hour cycle, no food is eaten. An easy way to implement the 14:10 intermittent fast is to stop eating after 10:00 p.m. and not to eat again until 11:00 a.m. The easiest way to get started with the 14:10 intermittent fast is to sleep from 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. and making the first meal around lunch time (11:00 a.m. to noon). Try to avoid caffeine beverages but if you become too hungry, a 6-8 oz cup of black coffee may settle your hunger pains.
[i] Bueno, et al (2013). Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term weight loss: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Bristish Journalof Nutrition, 110,1178-1187.